5G is expected to become a more prominent cellular network technology in 2020, but it does not come without concerns for its adverse effects on human health. But before we talk about that, let us establish what exactly 5G is. The ‘G’ in 5G refers to the cellular network generation, and 5G is therefore the 5th generation of cellular network technology.
5G technology is an incredible leap from its predecessor, 4G, with an ideal upper limit of 20Gbps speed and a minimum of 1Gbps. Although such speeds sound incredible, it will likely be a while before we see these standards in effect, and it is more likely that cellular network technology takes an evolutionary course to these standards.
Apart from this, 5G also promises far greater bandwidths, capacity for users, and a very low latency. A low latency makes 5G very viable for the household broadband internet connection and it is worth mentioning that Wi-Fi, which is the network technology for most household broadbands, works on the 5GHz radio wave band, however, 5G makes use of much higher frequencies of radio waves that may go up to 300GHz.
Although it is well accepted that signals radiated by mobile phones using 4G and Wi-Fi networks that range from 2GHz to 5GHz are harmless, the low wavelength signals of 5G technology contain higher amounts of energy and are a drastic change from the previously used signal bands. Although the International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified radio waves as “possibly carcinogenic”, there has not been any evidence to prove a causal relationship between radio waves and cancer.
With countries pushing tests for 5G and some having started constructing towers for the technology, the concerns about radiation from this new technology has given rise to a plethora of conspiracies, but they have all been unfounded so far. Public interest and attention to government work is a healthy thing to have, but an ignorance to science can cause people to disrupt the work towards a truly revolutionary technology.